Embroidery, Felt making and carpet weaving have been significant part of Turkmen culture for millennia.
As shepherding was always part of Turkmens nomadic life, the idea of using wool to make felts was the first to begin. Later on the technique of spinning, dying and weaving developed to make carpets.
They started to use the available vegetation roots to get natural dye, for example the root of Rubia Tinctorum, seeds and shells of Peganum Harmala, roots of Rhubarbs, pomegranate skin, barks of apricot tree, walnut husk, and walnut shell to dye wool and yarn in different colors for warp and weft of the carpets.
There is a carpet museum in Ashgabat which has the largest hand-made carpet in the world certified by Guinness Book of World Records.
Turkmenistan celebrates the Carpet Day on last Sunday in May every year.
Turkmenistan national flag is decorated with five carpet motives.